The Ford Galaxie was a full-size automotive inbuilt the US by the Ford Motor Firm for mannequin years 1959 by means of 1974. The title was used for the highest fashions in Ford’s full-size vary from 1959 till 1961, in a advertising try to attraction to the thrill surrounding the Area Race. In 1962, all full-size Fords wore the Galaxie badge, with "500" and "500/XL" denoting the upper sequence. 1965 noticed the introduction of the Galaxie 500/LTD, adopted by Galaxie 500 7-Litre in 1966. The Galaxie 500 half was dropped from the LTD in 1966, and from the XL in 1967, nevertheless the essential sequence structuring ranges had been maintained. The "common" Galaxie 500 continued under the LTD as Ford’s mid-level full-size mannequin from 1965 till its demise on the finish of the 1974 mannequin 12 months.
The Galaxie was the excessive quantity counterpart to the Chevrolet Impala. Some Galaxies had been high-performance, racing specification machines, a bigger forebear to the muscle automotive period. Others had been plain household sedans.
A model of the automotive was additionally produced in Brazil beneath the names Galaxie 500, LTD and Landau from 1967 to 1983.
Second technology 1960 Galaxie Starliner
Engine(s) 223 cu in (three.7 L) OHV I6
289 cu in (Four.7 L) Windsor V8
292 cu in (Four.eight L) Y-block V8
352 cu in (5.eight L) FE sequence V8
390 cu in (6.Four L) FE sequence V8
406 cu in (6.6 L) FE sequence V8
427 cu in (7.zero L) FE sequence V8
Wheelbase three,023 mm (119.zero in)
Associated Mercury Meteor
The 1960 Galaxie was all-new in type, abandoning the ostentatious ornamentation of the 1950s for a futuristic, smooth look. A brand new physique type this 12 months was the Starliner, that includes an enormous, curving rear statement window on a pillarless, hardtop bodyshell. The formal roofed 2-door hardtop was not out there this 12 months. It had been the preferred physique type within the line in 1959, and gross sales dropped off sharply. Opposite to Ford’s custom of pie-plate spherical taillghts, the ’60 featured "half-moon" lenses turned downward. The "A" pillar now swept ahead as an alternative of backward, making getting into and exiting the automotive, extra handy.
For 1961, the bodywork was redone once more, though the underpinnings had been the identical as 1960. This time, the tailfins had been virtually gone; the small blade-like fins capped smaller variations of 1959’s "pie-plate" spherical taillamps as soon as once more. Efficiency was starting to be a promoting level, and the 1961 Galaxie provided a brand new 390 CID (6.Four L) model of Ford’s FE sequence pushrod V8, which was out there with both a four-barrel carburetor or, for critical efficiency, three two-barrel carburetors. The latter was rated at 401 hp (298 kW), making even such a heavy automotive fairly quick certainly. The 352 was downgraded in favor of the 390; it was geared up with a 2-barrel carburetor and single exhaust. The Starliner was once more provided this 12 months, and Ford promoted this mannequin with a number of luxurious and energy tools, nevertheless it was dropped on the finish of the 12 months, because the re-introduced square-roof hardtop coupe took the majority of gross sales.
For 1962, the Galaxie title was utilized to all of Ford’s full measurement fashions, as Fairlane moved to a brand new intermediate and Customized was quickly retired. New top-line Galaxie 500 (two-door hardtop, four-door sedan and hardtop, and "Sunliner" convertible) and Galaxie 500/XL (two-door hardtop and convertible) fashions had been additionally launched; the 292 cu in (Four.eight l) V8 was customary on the 500/XL. Efficiency was not ignored both, with a fair bigger 406 cu in (7 l) engine being out there, once more in single four-barrel or triple-carbureted "six-barrel" type. On the different finish of the spectrum, in fact, the 223 cu in (three.7 l) "Mileage Maker" 6-cylinder engine was nonetheless out there for the extra budget-minded driver. Tailfins had been gone, giving the ’62s a extra rounded, softer rear finish look. Taillights had been set decrease into the rear panel, and had been partially sunken into the newly-sculped rear bumper.
The ’62s, nevertheless, had been chubby by comparability to the Tremendous Responsibility Pontiacs with their aluminum physique panels and larger-displacement engines, so late within the manufacturing run, Ford’s Experimental Automotive Storage was ordered to place the Galaxie on a food regimen. It produced 11 "light-weight Galaxies", making use of fiberglass panels, in addition to aluminum bumpers, fender aprons, and brackets; the consequence was a Galaxie weighing in at beneath three,400 lb (1,542 kg). (The bottom 2-door Membership Sedan was three,499 lb (1,587 kg).) It was an enchancment.
For 1963, Ford noticed no motive to transform a very good factor, and the 1963 mannequin was primarily unchanged save for some freshening and added trim; a four-door hardtop 500/XL was added. A decrease, fastback roofline was added mid 12 months to enhance seems and make the large automobiles extra aggressive on the NASCAR tracks with the added downforce. This 1963½ mannequin, the business’s first official "½ 12 months" mannequin, was known as the "Sports activities Roof" or "Fastback". (It shared this characteristic with the in ’63½ Falcon.) Galaxie patrons confirmed their desire as the brand new SportsRoof fashions handily outsold the "boxtop" square-roof fashions. The SportsRoof was out there in each Galaxie 500, and Galaxie 500/XL trim. As to be anticipated, sister Mercury additionally obtained the SportsRoof in Monterey, Montclair, and Park Lane fashions. A base-model Galaxie was provided for 1963 solely, badged because the Ford 300
Whereas not a lot modified for the on a regular basis purchaser, for the efficiency oriented, issues had been just a little completely different; for partway by means of this 12 months and in restricted portions there turned out there Ford’s new racing secret weapon, the 427, changing the 406. It was meant to satisfy NHRA and NASCAR 7-liter most engine measurement guidelines. This engine was rated at a conservative 425 hp (317 kW) with 2 x Four barrel Holley carburetors and a stable lifter camshaft. Ford additionally made out there aluminum cylinder heads as a vendor choice. The ’63½ was nonetheless chubby, nevertheless. To be aggressive in drag racing Ford produced 212 (round 170 from Ford Norfolk, about 20 from Ford Los Angeles) light-weight variations of the "R" code 427, within the Galaxie 500 Sport Particular Tudor Fastback. Out there solely in Corinthian White with pink vinyl inside, and with a listing value of about US$Four,200 (when a base Galaxie 300 went for US $2,324, and XL Fastback was US $three,268), these automobiles got here inventory with Borg-Warner T-10 four-speed, Four.11:1 rear axle, heavy-duty suspension and brakes, and had been fitted with a fiberglass hood (a flat piece at first, late in ’63 the favored blister hood additionally used on the Thunderbolt), trunk, entrance fenders, and fender aprons, in addition to aluminum bumpers and mounting brackets, transmission instances, and bellhousing. Hood springs, heater, trunk lining and mat, spare wheel and tire (and mounting bracket), trunk lid torsion bar, jack, lug wrench, one horn (of the inventory two), armrests, rear ashtrays, courtesy lights, and dome mild had been eliminated to scale back weight. The primary 20 automobiles had useful fiberglass doorways, which shaved 25 lb (11 kg); these had been deleted due to Ford’s concern for security if used on the freeway. The automobiles had all sound deadening eliminated, light-weight seats and floormats, and no choices. Opposite to delusion, they weren’t manufacturing facility geared up with cold-air induction, because the Thunderbolt can be. As well as, they had been constructed on the 45 lb (20 kg)-lighter Galaxie 300 chassis, initially meant for a smaller-displacement V8. In all, the 427s had been 375 lb (170 kg) lighter than earlier than (425 lb (193 kg) with the fiberglass doorways).
The primary two light-weight Galaxies, utilizing 289 cu in our bodies, had been assembled at Fort Wayne, Michigan, late in January 1963, to be examined on the 1963 Winternats. They had been delivered to Tasca Ford (East Windfall, R.I.) and Bob Ford (Dearborn, MI). Invoice Lawton’s Tasca Galaxie turned one of the best efficiency, with a 12.50 move at 116.60 mph (187.65 km/h). It was not sufficient, in opposition to the ’63 Z-11s in Restricted Manufacturing/Inventory, nevertheless. Three extra had been assembled from elements and examined at Ford’s Experimental Automotive Storage in Dearborn. One of many subsequent two, the final Winternationals take a look at automobiles, was ready by Invoice Stroppe in Lengthy Seaside, California, for Les Ritchey; it was featured within the July 1963 concern of Sizzling Rod. For all their efforts, Ford found the Galaxies had been nonetheless too heavy, and the challenge was deserted.A few of these automobiles competed in England, Australia and South Africa after being modified by Holman and Moody who fitted them with disc brakes and different circuit racing elements. Jack Sears gained the British Touring Championship in 1963 and the racing Galaxies had been additionally pushed by Sir Jack Brabham, David Hill and different notable drivers of the interval. The heavy Galaxies suffered from persistent brake failure that led to a variety of crashes, and in late 1963 began utilizing the 12" disc brakes off the Ford GT40 program. By this time the Lotus Cortinas had been being developed and the large Galaxie turned uncompetitive. A few of these race automobiles survive in England and in Australia the place they compete in Historic Touring Automotive racing. A brand new 289 cu in (Four.7 l), derived from the 1962 Fairlane engine, changed the Y-block 292 cu in (Four.eight l) because the entry stage V8.
1964 was the fourth and closing 12 months of this physique type. Inside trim was a lot altered, and the outside featured a extra sculpted look which was truly designed to make the automotive extra aerodynamic for NASCAR. The formal-roof "boxtop" type was changed by the slanted-roof design for all non-wagon or convertible fashions, together with sedans. Ford’s high quality management, spotty when the primary Galaxie was launched, was now nearly as good because it ever was, and lots of ’64 Fords handed the 100,000 mile mark intact. The ’64s gained an enviable popularity as sturdy, comfy automobiles that provided respectable dealing with and roadability at an inexpensive value, so it’s no surprise they offered so properly. Of the XL fashions, the ’64 hardtop coupe takes the prize for essentially the most produced. The bottom 300 was changed by a line of Customized and Customized 500 fashions.
Below the hood, the 427 CID (7.zero L) engine carried on the excessive efficiency duties. Ford once more took the 427-equipped Galaxie to the racetracks in critical vogue in 1964, constructing 50 light-weight, fiberglass geared up automobiles only for the aim of drag racing. These competed with success in North America however had been nonetheless too heavy and Ford launched the light-weight Fairlane Thunderbolt which used the 427 engine and was instantly aggressive. The 427 was the powerplant of the dominant Ford GT40 Mk II.
Late within the 12 months Ford launched their new engine challenger, the SOHC 427 "Cammer", Although not documented, it’s believed a number of could have discovered their approach onto the road (this engine was solely out there to racers by means of the vendor community or from the producer; none had been ever manufacturing facility put in). Rated at over 600 hp (447 kW), that is presumably essentially the most highly effective engine ever fitted to a manufacturing automotive by an American producer. NASCAR modified the foundations, nevertheless, requiring hundreds (relatively than lots of) of manufacturing examples in service to qualify for the following season, and Ford determined in opposition to producing the Cammer in that amount. Fears of legal responsibility considerations and the dangerous publicity prospects in giving the general public a automotive that dangerously highly effective are sometimes cited as causes, nevertheless it may merely have been that Ford doubted that an engine so unsuited to road use may promote in such numbers.
It must be famous that the Ford Nation Sedan station wagon, whereas sporting "Nation Sedan" badging for a few years, was truly a part of the Galaxie 500 line. Some Nation Sedans had "Galaxie 500" badging on the glovebox indicating the sequence title. These wagons featured the identical tinware as Galaxie 500s inside and outside, and had been a step up from the base-model Ranch Wagon, which turned a part of the Customized sequence in 1964.
Credit by 12414559@N02 on 2010-07-21 03:43:10
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